Ibland får jag höra många fördomar om just min gren av islam, folk glömmer att det genom århundraden funnits ett flertal shiitiska sekter, många är utrotade och dessa sekter har haft diverse Ghulat (“överdriven hyllning av Ali, Muhammed eller någon av deras ättlingar) åsikter och värderingar.
Här kommer en sammanfattning om deras tro. Myten om att shiiterna av idag tror på en annan Koran än andra muslimer, kommer från dessa sekter eller att Imam Ali skulle vara Gud eller Profet istället för Muhammed (saw) kommer även det från dem. Jag orkade inte sammanställa allt så här kommer en kopia från wikipedia. Många av dessa sekter har i sin tur även de splittrats i olika grenar.
Ghulat Shia sects
- Bazighiyya– who believed that Ja’far al-Sadiq was God.
- Dhammiyya– who believed that Ali was God and Muhammad was his appointed Messenger and Prophet.
- Ghurabiyya– who believed the angel Gabriel was mistaken when passing on the prophecy to Muhammad instead of Ali.
- Ya’furiyya– who believed in Reincarnation and that a man named Mu’ammar al-Kufi was their Lord.
Ismā’īlī Shia sects
- Hafizi– who believed the ruler of the Fatimid Empire, Al-Hafiz, was also the Imam of the Time.
- Qarmatians– who believed in a world view where every phenomenon repeated itself in cycles, where every incident was replayed over and over again.
- Sevener– who believed Muħammad ibn Ismā’īl al-Maktum, the son of Ismā’īl ibn Jaʻfar al-Sadiq, would return as the Mahdi.
Zaydi Shia sects
- Dukayniyya– who believed Muhammad’s followers fell into unbelief after his death because they did not uphold the Imamate of Ali.
- Jarudiyya– who believed the companions were sinful in failing to recognise Ali as the legitimate Caliph. Became extinct in Iran and Iraq but still survives in Yemen under the Hadawi sub-sect.
- Khalafiyya– who believed in a unique line of Imams after Zayd ibn Ali ibn Husayn ibn Ali, starting with a man named Abd al-Samad and continuing with his descendants.
- Khashabiyya– who believed that the Imamate must remain only among the descendents of Hasan and Husayn, even if that Imam is ignorant, immoral and tyrannical.
- Tabiriyya/Butriyya/Salihiyya– who believed the companions, including Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, had been in error in failing to follow Ali, but it did not amount to sin.
Uncategorised Shia sects
- Aftahiyya/ Fathiyya/ Fathites (followers of Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja’far al-Sadiq)- who believed Abdullah al-Aftah was the succeeding Imam after his father Ja’far al-Sadiq’s death.
- Hurufism– who believed God is incarnated in every atom.
- Kaysanites– who believed in the Imamate of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah after the death of Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib.
- Khurramites– who believed that the spirit of God had existed in Muhammad, Alī and Abu Muslim Khorasani.
- Muhammadites– who believed that Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi was the true 11th Imam, rather than Hasan al-Askari.
- Nuqtavi– who believed in a cyclical view of time, reminiscent of the Isma’ili Shia.
- Soldiers of Heaven– who believed that their former leader Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim was the Mahdi and reincarnation of Ali ibn Abi Talib.
- Tawussites– who believed that Ja’far al-Sadiq was the Mahdi and that he was alive and did not die.
- Waqifites– who believed in the Imamate of Musa al-Kadhim, but refused to accept the Imamate of his successor Ali ar-Ridha